United States – The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is a federal program that mandates the amount of “renewable fuel”, ethanol for example, that is to be blended in with transportation fuel. Under the (RFS), the EPA claims the right to develop and implement regulations that ensure transportation fuel sold in the U.S. contains a minimum volume of renewable fuel. Although standard changes have appeared to be introduced by the United States senate and congress over time, the dates and policy mirrors protocol directed by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, most notably the Kyoto Protocol.
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program was introduced under H.R.6 known as the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). The act required 7.5 billion gallons of “renewable fuel” to be blended into gasoline by 2012. According to the language in EPAct, the act also set forth a vast amount of energy research and development programs covering energy efficiency, renewable energy, oil and gas, coal, Indian energy, nuclear matters and security, vehicles and motor fuels, including ethanol, hydrogen, electricity, energy tax incentives, hydro-power and geothermal energy, as well as climate change technology.
EPAct was first introduced by Texas Representative Joe Barton and became law on August 8th, 2005. Once the act formally became law, the ethanol industry began to surge. Ethanol is produced from crops, mainly corn and sugarcane. Companies with interest in chemicals and GMOs like Monsanto and it’s subsidiaries, began to massively expand in the industry as well.
Later, the Clean Air Act was amended and the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) was expanded under the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007. The amendments were sponsored by West Virginia Representative Nick J. Rahall II, and the act was also known H.R.6. EISA was introduced with Biofuels, mainly ethanol, being in the spotlight. Something known as Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS), a process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2), was also at the core. One of EISA’s aims was to promote research and deploy greenhouse gas capture and storage options due to levels of toxic air pollutants at ethanol plants.
EISA was Signed by George W. Bush and became public law on December 19, 2007. The expansion brought several changes that increased ethanol production and laid out plans to move forward. Detrimental effects of the new mandates became obvious almost immediately in a vast amount of areas ranging from food prices to water. Diesel fuel was also added to the RFS and the usage of Bio-fuels for transportation mandated to reached 36 billion gallons by 2022. Once the law was signed, the ethanol and chemical industries followed yet again with major expansions.
Another key mandate of EISA was again the mandates for the Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] to analyze greenhouse emissions. The reduction threshold numbers determined compliance in the different “renewable fuels” categories. The greenhouse emission standards ensure that each category of renewable fuel emits fewer “greenhouse gases” than the petroleum fuel it replaces.
The implementation of laws tied into U.S. energy policy is continually tied to framework based on United Nations’ policy. Al Gore won a nobel piece prize for a book about global warming that was largely disputed and has since been debuncted. Also, along with the UN’s world wide campaign, came the a massive global controversy on the basis of “global warming” claims. Since the beginning, the world policy that is based on “greenhouse emissions” and the “greenhouse effect” concepts have continually sparked major controversy and continues to this very day.
Just as the mandates of the RFS aligns with the UN’s Kyoto Protocol and more U.S. policy will likely be determined in 2015 with the U.N. climate talks in Paris, the new U.S. policy hiding under “clean power” is taking shape. In all the hype and claims to advance the world, there is no mention of the actual clean and free technology that has been suppressed for so long.